Below you find the complete list of Tier-1-projects since the start of the regular project application programme.

Wind accretion onto compact objects in Supergiant X-ray binaries

Date: 01.07.2017
  • Promotor(s): Ileyk El Mellah , Jannis Teunissen
  • Institution(s): KU Leuven
  • Domain(s): Astronomy and astrophysics , Mathematics
In this project, we study how gas is accreted on a neutron star orbiting a stellar companion. In such binary systems, the gas rapidly accelerates towards the neutron star, generating X-ray emission. Astronomical observations have revealed that this emission can strongly fluctuate in time. There can for example be bursts which make the system tens of thousands times brighter, switches in the type of X-ray emission, and periodic oscillations. With the Tier-1 infrastructure and our adaptive simulation code we are now able to capture the accretion over a wide range of length and time scales to help understand these phenomena.

Mechanistic investigation of the initial C-C bond formation during methanol conversion

Date: 01.07.2017
  • Promotor(s): Kristof De Wispelaere
  • Institution(s): UGent
  • Domain(s): Chemistry , Physics
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Probing the strength of basic sites on UiO-66 using pKa calculations

Date: 01.07.2017
  • Promotor(s): Chiara Caratelli
  • Institution(s): UGent
  • Domain(s): Chemistry
Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are extremely versatile materials which are characterized by high porosity and surface area and are constructed by assembling molecular building blocks. In principle, a huge number of structures may be fabricated using building units, with applications in various fields such as catalysis, storage, sensors… Among these UiO-66, A Zr based MOF, is extremely stable and represents a very appealing catalyst. Understanding the active sites of this material at the nanoscale is of utmost importance to predict its behavior, but it is nevertheless an ambitious task that requires molecular modeling techniques. In this project, basic sites on this MOF are probed by means of advanced molecular dynamics simulations.

Outflows and particle evolution in relativistic astrophysics (OPERA) IV

Date: 01.07.2017
  • Promotor(s): Dimitrios Millas , Bart Ripperda , Rony Keppens , Oliver Porth
  • Institution(s): KU Leuven
  • Domain(s): Astronomy and astrophysics , Mathematics
We aim to perform simulations of a fast outflow (“jet”) originating from active galaxies, where the alignment of this jet with the line of sight is not constant with time. This will extend previous work using higher velocities and/or magnetic field hypothesis. The aim is to detect changes in the form and velocity of the jet on large scales. This project will also provide radiation maps and compare results with actual observations.

In silico study of lymphoma-related MyD88 mutations and their effect on protein actions and mechanism

Date: 01.07.2017
  • Promotor(s): Frank Peelman
  • Institution(s): UGent , VIB
  • Domain(s): Life sciences
The protein MyD88 provides a crucial signaling function for several receptors that are essential for human immunity against invading pathogens. In various cancer types, it has been found that part of this protein has undergone mutation. In this project, we examine several mutations in this protein that lead to various types of white blood cell cancers. Via biochemical experiments, we analyze the effects of these mutations on the protein function. With the aid of microsecond molecular dynamics, we link this experimental data to molecular mechanisms. This helps us understand how these mutations affect the actions and mechanism of MyD88, and how they are connected to disease development processes.